What is the definition of tourism and tourism industry?

مهر 15, 1396
What is the definition of tourism and tourism industry?

Although many of us have used the word tourism and tourism in our lives, tourism can be difficult to define, which is precisely tourism. Tourism or tourism is a dynamic and competitive industry that needs to be able to constantly meet the needs And the changing eagerness of customers, because customer satisfaction, security and pleasure are specifically the focal point of tourism business.

From the beginning of the advent of mankind, man has probably been traveling. Food, water, security or access to resources (business) was the primary motive for his journey. But the idea of ​​travel emerged for pleasure and exploration later. Traveling always depends on the technology used to provide travel tools and methods. Primitive travelers were riding on domestic animals. The invention of wheel and sail methods or modes of transport. Every improvement in technology provides people with opportunities to travel. As roads recovered and governments became stable, the interest in travel for educational, observational and religious purposes increased. One of the earliest travel guides, the ten volumes of the travel guide to Greece in 170 BC, was written by a Greek named Poseanu, which was used for Roman tourists.

Tourism offers a range of activities, services and industries that provide travel facilities that include transportation, welfare, food and beverage facilities, retail stores, entertainment trade and other health services provided to individuals or groups. There are people who are away from home. World Tourism Organization (WTO) claims that tourism has recently become the largest industry in the world with annual revenue of over three trillion dollars. Tourism has typically generated six million jobs in the United States, the largest employer in the United States.

Definition and meaning of tourism:

According to McIntagg and Guldner (1986), tourism is a collection of phenomena and relationships arising from the interactions of tourists, commercial suppliers, governments and host communities in the process of attracting and hosting tourists and tourists.

Some terms are used to describe tourists:

Excurionist: People who travel for pleasure in less than 24 hours.
Foreign tourists: Any person visiting another country for a period of at least 24 hours, other than the country in which he usually lives.
Travel: Moving outside of the native community for pleasure or business
Shipping systems:

The type and availability of transportation will determine the travel destination. The development of amenities is also determined by the development of transportation systems. These systems are listed below:

The carriage was invented in Hungary in 1500 BC.

Railroad (1825) The passenger train was used for the first time in the UK.

The boat and the ship (400 BC, but the first ocean line was launched in 1840)

Ford Car Art Model T (1908)

Air travel (1919) with Lufthansa airline

Space Trip (2015) Estimated Date for Traveling Passengers to Earth’s Underwater Space

Tourism Dimensions:

All tourism activities include one or more of the following tourism dimensions.

Tourism attraction: the main motive for traveling. They may be the main destinations, such as the Disney World or the destination, which are interesting and spectacular places alongside the main destination. For example, most people in eastern Las Vegas will stop at the Grand Canyon. Tourist attractions are usually based on natural resources, culture, ethnicity or recreation.

Natural resources: Natural resources are a combination of physical, climatic and natural beauty of the region. The challenge for managing natural resources is to preserve these tourist attractions.

Culture: To observe the way of life of people, religion, history, government and traditions

Ethnicity: Visit family and friends

Entertainment: Tourist adventures of all sizes at Disney World, Universal Studios, Las Vegas until special events and festivals.

X-treme tourism: Tourism based on great adventure activities

Features: When tourists go to tourist attractions, they need facilities and services.

Location: A variety of services such as camp, park, motel and five star hotels

Food and drink: Not only the main substance, but also an important factor.

Support services: Usually small retailers selling souvenirs. Shopping is a good part of the travel experience. Researchers are looking for new and unique items that reflect the region and culture they are visiting.

Infrastructure: Primary services to which all tourism is dependent. These systems include water and wastewater, communication networks, medical facilities, electricity, police, fire stations and roads.


Time and money: An essential part of tourism is the ability to go from point A to point B and vice versa or point C, D, E, and so on. The variables are how long it takes to arrive at a specific destination and how much money is needed to reach your destination. Tourism development is dependent on ease of access and all types of transportation available.


Hospitality: The attitude of the community is transferred to the tourist in every place and it gives the tourist a sense of welcome and safety. This is an interplay between the tourist and the local population.

The basic needs for tourism:

A-time, the greater the time of the recreation, the opportunity is also possible for travel. Changes in days or hours and school calendars will affect how and when people can travel.

B-Money, the most important need to travel your optional income. Optional money income is left after
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