Jewel of ten old Ramsar villas - Villa Sho

شهریور 19, 1396
Javaherdeh (to Gilaki: Djuddin) is one of the villages of Ramsar city in Mazandaran province. The village is located 27 km from Ramsar in the village of Kharsar and at altitudes of 2000 meters. According to the census of 1390, the population of Jawahrida village is about 9,900 (2470 households). However, this population is never inhabited throughout the whole year, because only four months of the year people live in this village and in other months, except How many guards and nobody dwells there. The people of the village are engaged in animal husbandry, agriculture and horticulture, and their handicrafts include fading, pottery, forging and scourge. The only connecting route leads to Ramsar and is also linked to the Badakhshan mountains.

Today drinking water from the area is also supplied by several sources such as Solomon, Shear, and Mountain Kane. In the past, benevolent people have led water to the nearby Springs. "Javaherdeh" has 12 old neighborhoods, "Julakhil" is the largest neighborhood of ten, followed by "Oshian Head", "Seyyed Mahallah", "Shear of Neighborhood", "Amosy Kheil", "Polygamy", "Chak Dasht", "Mirage" Or Karbala Baneh "," Ramak neighborhood "," Tangdaoreh "," Dialect quartile "," Old Tangdaoreh "and" Shell neighborhood "are from other parts of the ten. There are a lot of illegal drilling inside ancient graves.

There are different opinions about the name of this village. One of the oldest references to the name of this village in the book "History of Gilan and Dilmastan" is from Seyyed Moussaeid al-Din Marashi, written in the 9th century AH, and recalling the events of the year 888 AH, from the village named "Jewarde." In the past and in Local dialect The name of this village is "Geordi" or "Gehredeh".

Some scholars find that the name of Java is incorrect in this village. Because they argue that "Georges" means the top ten (roughly 10) versus the dying, the bottom ten (below ten). It should also be noted that in the province of Gilan there are several villages and villages with names derived from Geor or Jire derivatives. That’s why the name "Jahangard" is incorrect because it depends on the word "jewelry".

On the contrary, some scholars argue that with the long history of burial of the dead in the heights and inside the catacombs with jewelry, by Zoroastrians, and the prevalence of this practice from the Sassanian era to the pre-Al Boya period in this region, they argue that Since the naming of the places in the western and eastern parts, the lower and the upper is the later and is related to the era of Khanei and Khansazite and Mauluk-al-Tawaifi, then the name "Georhad" can not mean the top ten, and the same jewelry is meant. , And "Juhardeh" is the correct name of this village. On this basis, they are due to the achievements of the works Matthew, gold and jewelry from this village call it the same "juvenile". Another argument is that the existence of the name "Juaveh Dost" in Rudsar is also confirmed by the unanimous nature of the name "Javaherdeh" on the village located in Ramsar . That is, if Geor was to be mistakenly interpreted as jewel in one place, then it would seem far from real to say that in two different places, both mistakenly interpreted as jewels.

In the opinion of some Jewel of the plain is also distorted Geor Plain. There are other villages called Gurdeh and Girdeh, which themselves will be subject to distortion.

Some, because the village is once full of wheat and barley fields, has changed the name of the juvenile, "jujardar", meaning wheatgrass between the two mountain ranges. In the Avesta, Java means wheat, and besides Javan it means barley. Hawar also means The mountain slot is.

Another hypothesis is that, as the ancient people believed, in the past there was a woman named Jehor, the governor of the area, and has been named after him.

Tourist Attractions


The most famous mountains are the Red Trail (eastern part of the Sumava Summit), the three-letter mark of the parade (Reggae). The highest peak is the Red Peak Trail. Lepaser with its famous and therapeutic springs and Samamosu, the tomb of King Yahya Kaya on the Chakad Peak Sumava, which has permanent glaciers, is one of the most spectacular places to visit. The upstream streams of this village with beautiful waterfalls, a vast forest park in the valley, located next to the river Safarood, and a stream of carbonated mineral water is one of the tourist attractions in the area.

Cultural Heritage

Historical works such as the Adine Mosque, which seemed to have been past the temple and fire temples of Zoroastrians, as well as the scattered graves in the region, are its historical monuments.

Of course, some people consider the temple to be part of the Mithra Terrestris period, especially since Zoroastrians never bury their dead, but put them back in order to be eaten by birds. The existence of cryptograms and graves expresses the existence of a burial place which has existed in the ritual of mithaperty.

Although the Adina Mosque in recent years has been fired by an ash-tree tongue beside that prey, the current mosque seems to be the last civilization. In the past, maiden girls’ flower gardens and accompanying celebrations were attended and gathered from all areas of Gilan to attend this celebration. The first construction date of the Adineh Mosque dates back to about 700 years by a person called Shell Sharif, which has been named by the elders.

Juhanharda has a gallstone calendar. In this calendar, the months of the year are as follows: "The first of the month", "Mint of the moon", "Ten months", "The month of the month", "Esfandar of the month", "Nowruz of the month", "The cuckoo of the moon", "Arche month" "Tirmachah", "Sayyah Moon", "Shirer Moon" and "Amir Moon".

Source: Wikipedia
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