Anzali Lagoon - Anzali Lagoon - Villa Sho

شهریور 20, 1396
Anzali Wetland A unique attraction

The Anzali Lagoon or Anzali Lagoon is one of the most beautiful and most popular nature conservation destinations in Iran, which has provided many animals with the right to safety. This wetland is not comparable with any of Iran’s wetlands because of its geographical location due to its high humidity and water quality and is considered as a unique wetland. The Anzali wetland is on the way to the Caspian Sea rivers and plays the role of a refinery.

This wetland is one of the most beautiful natural scenery and fresh water in the country. Anzali lagoon hosts several islands, and two cities are Anzali and Abkenar

Anzali Lagoon - Anzali Lagoon is located about 40 km north of Rasht and southwest of Bandar Anzali and the Caspian Sea. The Anzali International Wetland is a place for spawning, abandoning and nursing home and immigrant birds. There are beautiful islands within the lagoon, and there are two beautiful cities on the coast of Antarctica and the waterfall. The widespread of this wetland is expected to reach about 120 square kilometers in winter and spring, and will decrease to about 80 kilometers in summer and autumn. Anzali Lagoon is considered to be one of the most interesting and largest natural habitats of Iranian herbivores. Due to its impressive beauty, it can be attracted by many tourists as a natural aquatic ecosystem.
Anzali wetland with more than 100 bird species, 50 species of fish, hundreds of plant species, has a very small ecosystem, which is protected especially in Sarkhankul protected area. Anzali lagoon has been protected from international wetlands since 1974 and is the most important source of stony and bony fish production in the Caspian Sea. Anzali International Lagoon has been attracting innumerable domestic travelers and foreign tourists every year.
Take a closer look at Anzali Wetland

The Anzali wetland is one of a number of coastal wetlands, which has led to the separation of the sea from the Caspian Sea and the sea currents.

The extent and depth of the wetland

Due to the fact that the Anzali wetland covers a relatively large area and changes its water levels in the rainy and dehydrated seasons, there can be no fixed area for it. Hence, we measure the size of the wetland with different numbers, but in general, in the blue seasons, the area of ​​the wetland reaches over 100 square kilometers and in dehydration seasons it decreases to less than 80 square kilometers Find out In addition to water, parts of this area are also dedicated to:

9.53 percent: forests and pasture

2.33 percent: agricultural land

7.8%: wetlands, waterfalls and pools

7.3 percent: Man-made areas

In the spring, the water depth of the wetland reaches its highest level, and in the western regions it is about 5.2 m deep. Of course, due to fluctuations in the surface water of the Caspian Sea, this value is always variable due to the tidal wave.

The beginning and end of the wetland water

11 main rivers and 30 rivers supply the water of the wetland and after irrigation of fields and rice fields with surface currents pour into anzali lagoon, the most important of which are: Piribazar River, Ramadan, Bakhtar River, Luleka, Beyrood, Nawkhaleh, Hindhaleh, Black Dervishan, Rudbar, Nargistan, Chomasqal, Kalser, Shijan, Espand, Chakvur, Murgak Khalkai, Behmbar, Shilah and Mother Canal

Eventually, this water pours into the Caspian Sea through a shipping channel supported by two breakwater at Anzali harbor facilities. The main rivers that are connected to the Caspian Sea through the Antarctic craters are from the East to the West, respectively: the Suez Roga, the Old Market, the Aunt, the Right Aunt, or the Whale Ruga, and the Mahdi Roga or the Claver Roga.

Anzali lagoon is supported by a shipping channel, which is supported by two Anzali breakwaters located at the Anzali harbor facility and connected to the Caspian Sea. The Anzali wetland was registered in the International Convention on Wetlands of Ramsar in 1354, and the Anzali Wetland with the Khashiro Wetland in the National Park of Kosheiro Shitsogon has a "Income" link.

Anzali wetland is one of the natural and freshwater wetlands of Iran. It has 11 main rivers and 30 sub-rivers that enter it after irrigation of farms and rice fields with surface currents in the wetland. The maximum depth of the wetland water is 2.5 m in the spring and in the western part of the wetland, which varies due to fluctuations in the surface of the Caspian Sea. The catchment area of ​​the Anzali wetland has an area of ​​374,000 hectares, which consists of the following areas:
53.9 percent of forests and rangeland, 33.2 percent of agricultural land, 7.8 percent of wetlands, waterfalls and pools, and 3.7 percent of human areas make land use.

Geographical location of Bandar Anzali Lagoon
This wetland is located in the southwest coast of the Caspian Sea, in the province of Guilan, at 28 to 37 northeast, and extending from 25 to 49 east, and from the north to Anzali, from the south to the Monastery of Sarah, from the east to Piribazar, and from the west to Kapoorhal And Anzali’s waterfall is limited.

Anzali wetland climate:
The atmospheric profile of Anzali wetland is similar to Anzali and Ghazi, except that the moisture content of the wetland is greater than the adjoining areas. The atmospheric coordinates of this area are characterized by the maximum amount of annual rainfall in winter and the maximum moisture content in the summer. Minimum temperatures in the winter are near or equal to zero degrees Celsius, and rarely below zero, and at most between 33 and 36 degrees Celsius in mid-summer from local meteorological stations.

Hazard of Anzali Wetland Ecosystem:

Anzali wetland is a major problem of water pollution. Because almost
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