Chehel Sotoon palace

مهر 04, 1396
The Chethelsoton Gardens of Isfahan is an example of a royal garden dating from the Safavid era, which is now called the Chehelsotun Palace or the Cathedral of the 40th Colonel Museum. Chehelsotun Palace is located in Imam Hossein Square, Isfahan Governor General Street, covering an area of ​​67,000 square meters and 1057 Hijri, the period of Shah Abbas I Safavid, was established during the reign of Shah Abbas II Safavid. The building was completed and the central building was given general changes. The hall of mirrors, the hall of 18 columns, the two large rooms, the north and south, the mirror hall, the porches The sides of the King’s Hall and the Great Basin in front of the Hall with all the decorations of the painting and mirror and tiling of the walls and ceilings Added.

One of the plans of Shah Abbas I and after choosing the city of Isfahan as the capital in 1007 AH, the construction of a beautiful and long street has four gardens and numerous gardens around it, which was planted by the Baha’i Sheikh. The choice of vast space in a collection called the state government, and the studies that were conducted for the future, all represent the talent and creativity of the late Safavid scholar Sheikh Baha’i. The complex of palaces that began (the Qapu Mansion) continued to the main square of Chabagh Abbasi continued. In this large building, which was also established by several royal palaces, such buildings as Ashraf Hall, motel, backyard, courtyard, courtyard, palace Eight Paradise, Monotheism and other buildings were built. The Chehel Soton Palace was registered on November 15, 2010 at No. 108 in the National Iranian Book List.

Chehel Soton Palace Template:
The main porch is based on twenty pillars. Many researchers recognize the palace’s designation as a reflection of the twenty pillars on a beautiful and large pond. Of course, the role of the 40th in Persian literature (this number is a sign of plurality and multiplicity) may also be another reason for calling the mansion to be forty.

Chehel Soton Palace building:
Cheleston Palace is one of the first buildings in which extensive decoration, work mirror, large wall paintings and wooden columns are used with the headquarters of Mogharnas. All the walls were decorated with glass mirrors and colorful paintings, and all the doors and windows were embroidered and decorated. The skills and proficiency of Iranians in the design of this palace are well seen in which the space outside the mansion with its interior is so coherent and relevant that it can not be determined where one ends and the other begins. The main and impressive porch of the palace with numerous pillars, which are featured in the building.

The architecture of this palace is a combination of Chinese, Iranian, and Persian art and architecture. The fourteenth mansion consists of a large portico with a length of 3 meters and a width of 17 meters and a height of 14 meters eastward. The oven-shaped porches of The genus is plantain and pine wood.

The front of the mansion, 110 meters long and 16 meters wide, now gives the palace a particular refinement and beauty. In the past, the water jump in the middle of the harbor was a mouthpiece of the lions at the four corners of the dock, and the stone fountains pointing to the point in the small atmosphere around the mansion gave special attributes to this mansion. Pool proportions in front of the palace in order to see the image of the palace in the water and the darkness of the floor of the pool in order to illustrate it deeply.

The ivory of Chehelsoton is composed of two parts: a section that is based on 18 wooden and high columns. The four columns are centered on 4 stone lions and their carvings are in such a way that two lions are shown to one human head. From the mouth of these four faucets, he erupted into the marble dock. The other part, which is slightly higher, forms the entrance to the hall. And in some respects it has called the Hall of Mirrors. This section is located on two columns and is adorned with a vast and prolific mirror, in which fine mirrors are used as mosaics alongside the glow and glare mirrors. The ceiling of the hall consists of wooden frames and shapes. Different geometric shapes are made. The mirror image of the marble pond in the middle of the porch is visible in the ceiling decoration. This mirroring is very similar to the great porch.

The palace’s central hall, dedicated to foreign guests and personalities from other countries, contains paintings that present the historical events of different periods. This magnificent hall, which is based on a dome, is characterized by colorful lofts and golden and transparent designs of the artistic masterpieces of that epoch.

Isfahan column ignorance palace paintings:
One of the most important features of the Chehelsoton Palace is the presence of beautiful paintings by the artist of the Safavid era, Reza Abbasi, who decorated the walls of the palaces in the style of the Iranian miniature. Each of these paintings represents a period of historical events during the Safavid period and Afshariyah, which includes Shah Tahmasb’s House of Honor from the King of India, the Chaldoran Battle between Shah Isma’il and the Ottoman Empire’s King Solim Khan, Shah Abbas’s House of Reception First, the governor of Turkestan, Wali Mohammad Khan, Shah Abbas II’s reception hall from the Turkestan ruler Nader Mohammad Khan, the Karnal war between Nadir Shah Afshar and King Mohammad Shah Gurkani of India and the battle of Shah Isma’il I with Uzbek Shibak Khan. It is worth noting that two images of the Chaldoran and Karnal wars are from the decorations of this building after the Safavid era, which is depicted in accordance with the evidence presented by "Aqa Sadegh Nahasher" in the Qajar era. Also, in the part of the palace, some paintings belonging to Angela and Lugar, two Dutch painters who came to Iran and Isfahan during Shah Abbas II, were seen. In the lower part of the walls of the main hall, drawings of imaginative characters for decorating are depicted.

Particular view of Chehel Soton Palace in Esfahan:
Hall of 18 columns
Hall of Mirror
What are the tiles
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